How can we transform conflict at home, at work, in our communities and in the world?
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THE THIRD SIDE
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What is the Third Side?
Overview
3S Assumptions
3S Skills
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3S Roles Everyone Plays
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Resources

By Roles: By Geography: By Situation:
Provider
Teacher
Bridge-Builder
Mediator
Arbiter
Equalizer
Healer
Witness
Referee
Peacekeeper
International
US
Family
School
Educational Options
For additional resources and up-to-date news related to the Thirdside visit the Thirdside Gateway, a gateway of resources related to the Thirdside framework supported by CR-Info.

Thirdside Movies

The Fire Next Time chronicles two years in the life of a dangerously divided town in Northwest Montana polarized by rapid change, economic displacement, and environmental issues.

Hotel Rwanda is the true story of Paul Rusesabagina, a hotel manager in Rwanda who saved over 1200 people in the face of unspeakable actions that led to the deaths of over one million in only three months.

Le Chambon: La Colline aux mille enfants is the true story of a small village in France that resisted the Nazis and provided refuge to 5,000 Jewish children during World War II. The leader of the resistance was Pastor Andre Trocme. As Trocme put the Le Chambon pledge, "The duty of all Christians is to resist the violence that will be brought to bear upon their conscience through the weapons of the spirit. We will resist whenever our adversaries demand obedience contrary to the order of the Gospel. We will do so without fear, but also without pride and without hate."

The Witness is the story of a young Amish woman and her son who get caught up in the murder of an undercover narcotics agent. Philadelphia detective John Book rescues them and brings them back to Pennsylvania Amish community and the non-violent world the Amish have created. The killers track them down -- with the intent to kill the boy and Book -- but the community (i.e. Third Side) emerges to prevent this from happening. By simply bearing witness, the community is able prevent the killing from taking place.
The Milagro Beanfield War - In Milagro, a small town in the American Southwest, Ladd Devine plans to build a major new resort development. While activist Ruby Archuleta and lawyer/newspaper editor Charlie Bloom realize that this will result in the eventual displacement of the local Hispanic farmers, they cannot arouse much opposition because of the short term opportunities offered by construction jobs. But when Joe Mondragon illegally diverts water to irrigate his bean field, the local people support him because of their resentment of water use laws that favor the resort developer. When the Governor sends in ruthless troubleshooter Kyril Montana to settle things quickly before a small war threatens to erupt.

A Force More Powerful, a three-hour documentary series, explores one of the 20th century's most important but least-understood stories - how nonviolent power overcame oppression and authoritarian rule all over the world. Narrated by Ben Kingsley, it premiered on PBS in September 2000.

Bringing Down A Dictator, a one-hour documentary, is the inside story of how Milosevic was brought down - not by smoke and flames, but by a courageous and risky campaign of political defiance and massive civil disobedience. Narrated by Martin Sheen, it premiered on PBS in March 2002.

Thirdside Music


The following songs are, in some manner, related to the Third Side:

"Both Sides of the Story" By Phil Collins from the Album Both Sides
"Look Through My Eyes" By Phil Collins from the movie soundtrack Brother Bear
"People are People" By Depeche Mode from the Album People Are People

Thirdside Books and Novels

The following books are, in some manner, related to the Third Side:

Resources by Third Side Role


The Provider - Enabling People to Meet Their Needs

Internet Links:

Brief bibliography:

Bornstein, D. (1997). The Price of a Dream: The Story of The Grameen Bank. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Burton, J. (1990). Conflict: Human Needs Theory. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Gurr, T. (1970). Why Men Rebel. Boulder: Westview Press.

Dollard, J., L. Doob, N.E. Miller, O.H. Mowrer, and R.R. Sears. (1939). Frustration and Aggression. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Maslow, A. (1987). Motivation and Personality (Third Edition). New York: Harper and Row.

Ury, William (2000). The Third Side:Why We Fight and How We Can Stop. New York: Penguin.

Ury, William (2001). Must We Fight?: From the Battlefield to the Schoolyard -- A New Perspective on Violent Conflict and Its Prevention. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

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The Teacher - Giving People Skills to Handle Conflict

Internet Links:

Brief bibliography:

Bodine, R. and D. Crawford (1997). The Handbook on Conflict Resolution Education: A Guide to Building Quality Programs in Schools. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Girard, J. and S. Koch (1996). Conflict Resolution in the Schools: A Manual for Educators. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Godine, R. (1994). Creating the Peaceable School: A comprehensive Program for Teaching Conflict Resolution. Research Press.

Landry, E., D. Kolb, and J. Rubin (1991). Curriculum for Negotiation and Conflict Management. Cambridge, MA: PON Books.

Ury, William (2000). The Third Side:Why We Fight and How We Can Stop. New York: Penguin.

Ury, William (2001). Must We Fight?: From the Battlefield to the Schoolyard -- A New Perspective on Violent Conflict and Its Prevention. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

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The Bridge-Builder - Forging Relationships Across Lines of Conflict

Internet Links:

Brief bibliography:

Kelman, H. (1992). "Informal Mediation by the Scholar/Practitioner." In Bercovitch, J. and J. Rubin, eds. Mediation in International Relations. New York: St. Martin's Press. PP. 64-96.

Kelman, H.C. (1993). "Coalitions across Conflict Lines: The Interplay of Conflicts within and between the Israeli and Palestinian Communities." In Worshel S. and J. Simpson, eds. Conflict between People and Groups. Chicago: Nelson-Hall.

Ury, William (2000). The Third Side:Why We Fight and How We Can Stop. New York: Penguin.

Ury, William (2001). Must We Fight?: From the Battlefield to the Schoolyard -- A New Perspective on Violent Conflict and Its Prevention. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

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The Mediator - Reconciling Conflicting Interests

Internet Links:

Brief bibliography:

Beer, J. and E. Stief. (1997) Mediator's Handbook Third Edition. New Society Publishing.

Bush, B. and J. Folger. (1994) The promise of mediation: Responding to conflict through empowerment and recognition. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Moore, Christopher. (1996) The Mediation Process: Practical Strategies for Resolving Conflict Second Edition. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Ury, William (2000). The Third Side:Why We Fight and How We Can Stop. New York: Penguin.

Ury, William (2001). Must We Fight?: From the Battlefield to the Schoolyard -- A New Perspective on Violent Conflict and Its Prevention. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

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The Arbiter - Determining Disputed Rights

Internet Links:

Brief bibliography:

Elkouri, F., E. Elkouri, M. Volz, E. Goggin. (1997) How Arbitration Works: Elkouri and Elkouri Fifth Edition. BNA Books.

Goldberg, S., F. Sander, and N. Rogers (1992) Dispute Resolution: Negotiation, Mediation, and Other Processes Second Edition. Boston: Little Brown.

Goodman, A. (1993) Basic Skills for the New Arbitrator Solomon Publications.

Ury, William (2000). The Third Side:Why We Fight and How We Can Stop. New York: Penguin.

Ury, William (2001). Must We Fight?: From the Battlefield to the Schoolyard -- A New Perspective on Violent Conflict and Its Prevention. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

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The Equalizer - Democratizing Power

Internet Links:

Brief bibliography:

Ackerman, P. and C. Kruegler. (199). Strategic Nonviolent Conflict: The Dynamics of People Power in the Twentieth Century. New York: Praeger.

King, Jr. M.L. (1958) Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story. New York: Harper & Brothers.

Laue, J. and G. Cormick. (1978). "The Ethics of Intervention in Community Disputes." In ed. Bermant, G., H. Kelman and D. Warwick, The Ethics of Social Intervention. Washington, DC: Halsted Press, PP. 205-232.

Gandhi, M. (1983). Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth. Dover Publishers.

Sharp, G. (1973). The Politics of Nonviolent Action Volumes 1, 2, and 3. Boston: Porter Sargent Publishers.

Ury, William (2000). The Third Side:Why We Fight and How We Can Stop. New York: Penguin.

Ury, William (2001). Must We Fight?: From the Battlefield to the Schoolyard -- A New Perspective on Violent Conflict and Its Prevention. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Volkan, V. (1988). The Need to Have Enemies and Allies: From Clinical Practice to International Relationships. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.

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The Healer - Repairing Injured Relationships

Internet Links:

Brief bibliography:

Washington, R. and G. Kehrein. (1996). Breaking Down Walls : A Model for Reconciliation in an Age of Racial Strife. Moody Press.

Menkin, E.S. and L. Baker. "I Forgave My Sister's Killer: I couldn't begin to heal until I let go of my hatred." Ladies' Home Journal, December 1995.

Price, M. "Victim-Offender Mediation: The State of the Art." VOMA Quarterly Volume 7, Number 3: Fall-Winter 1996.

Ury, William (2000). The Third Side:Why We Fight and How We Can Stop. New York: Penguin.

Ury, William (2001). Must We Fight?: From the Battlefield to the Schoolyard -- A New Perspective on Violent Conflict and Its Prevention. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Volkan, V. and Zintl, E. (1993). Life After Loss: Lessons of Grief. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

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The Witness - Paying Attention to Escalation

Internet Links:

Brief bibliography:

Barnett, V. (1999). Bystanders Conscience and Complicity During the Holocaust. Greenwood Press. Westport, Conn. 1999.

Staub, E. (1997). "Preventing Genocide: The Power of 'Bystanders'". Boston Research Center for the 21st Century Newsletter #9.

Staub, E. (1998). "Bystander Psychology: Studying the pivotal role of bystanders." Deathly Silence Guide.

Ury, William (2000). The Third Side:Why We Fight and How We Can Stop. New York: Penguin.

Ury, William (2001). Must We Fight?: From the Battlefield to the Schoolyard -- A New Perspective on Violent Conflict and Its Prevention. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

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The Referee - Setting Limits to Fighting

Internet Links:

Brief bibliography:

Mindell, A. (1995). Sitting in the Fire: Large Group Transformation Using Conflict and Diversity. Lao Tse Press.

Schmidt, F. and A. Friedman. (1989). Fighting Fair for Families. Peace Education Foundation.

Sharp, G. (1990). Civilian-Based Defense. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Ury, William (2000). The Third Side:Why We Fight and How We Can Stop. New York: Penguin.

Ury, William (2001). Must We Fight?: From the Battlefield to the Schoolyard -- A New Perspective on Violent Conflict and Its Prevention. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

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The Peacekeeper - Providing Protection

Internet Links:



Brief bibliography:

Otunnu, O., M. Doyle, Eds. (1998). Peacemaking and Peacekeeping for the New Century. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.

Shusta, R., D. Levine, and P. Harris. (1994). Multicultural Law Enforcement: Strategies for Peacekeeping in a Diverse Society. Prentice Hall.

Ury, William (2000). The Third Side:Why We Fight and How We Can Stop. New York: Penguin.

Ury, William (2001). Must We Fight?: From the Battlefield to the Schoolyard -- A New Perspective on Violent Conflict and Its Prevention. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Weber, T. and E. Boulding. (1996). Gandhi's Peace Army : The Shanti Sena and Unarmed Peacekeeping. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.

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International Resources

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US Resources

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Family Resources

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School Resources

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Some U.S. Educational Institutions with some type of Conflict Resolution Program:

Graduate and Professional Programs

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Undergraduate Programs

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